Tag Archives: production

Genomics Offers Potential Tool for Limiting Swine Disease

5The Pig Site – “Limiting Disease Through Genetic Selection” was discussed last week as part of Saskatchewan Pork Industry Symposium 2013. Dr John Harding, a professor of veterinary medicine with the Western College of Veterinary Medicine in Saskatoon says on the human side there’s no question genomics is the future and now, with the pig genome being mapped and publicly available, we’ll see the momentum continuing.

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Brazil – Egg and Poultry Production

USDA-LogoBrazil’s broiler production is expected to recover and grow 2% in 2013 after a 1% decline in 2012. General opinion among trade sources is that Brazil’s economic growth is expected to recover from the poor result of 2012 and that estimated record Brazilian soybean and corn crops should help to mitigate the impact of rising feed costs. However, sources also identify other concerns that can adversely affect the poultry sector this year: a) squeezed profit margins for producers and processors due to rising feed costs may continue through the first half of this year; b) the high level of consumer debt in Brazil may also undercut domestic demand of animal proteins in general, and c) broiler exports are forecast to increase slowly because of the continued uncertainties in the world economy.

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CRC Studies Pathogenicity of Newcastle Disease

CRCThe Poultry Site – Caused by virulent strains of avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV1), this devastating and highly contagious virus is regarded as one of the most important diseases affecting poultry globally. Previous outbreaks of virulent Newcastle disease virus in Australia have been associated with high economic and social costs, not to mention the welfare impact on the birds themselves.

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Tackling Turkey Leg Problems

PeruBy Jackie Linden
The Poultry Site Leg problems of various types in turkeys have cropped up several times in the news over the last few weeks. Clearly, leg and foot conditions have implications in terms of both reduced welfare and production (poor growth and condemnations at the slaughterhouse).

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The banana (Musa acuminata) genome and the evolution of monocotyledonous plants

Angélique D’Hont et al.
Nature – Bananas (Musa spp.), including dessert and cooking types, are giant perennial monocotyledonous herbs of the order Zingiberales, a sister group to the well-studied Poales, which include cereals. Bananas are vital for food security in many tropical and subtropical countries and the most popular fruit in industrialized countries. The Musa domestication process started some 7,000 years ago in Southeast Asia. It involved hybridizations between diverse species and subspecies, fostered by human migrations2, and selection of diploid and triploid seedless, parthenocarpic hybrids thereafter widely dispersed by vegetative propagation. Half of the current production relies on somaclones derived from a single triploid genotype (Cavendish)… >>Keep reading<<
 
Source and Photo: Nature, May 18th, 2012
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In Search of the Wild Chicken

By Andrew Lawler
Science – In the 1950s, bird hunters in the southern United States were eager to bag more exotic prey than quail, and so their representatives in Washington agitated for the introduction of foreign varieties. A U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biologist dutifully went to a remote area in India’s Himalayan foothills and collected dozens of red jungle fowl, a colorful, shy, and tasty wild bird that also happens to be the primary progenitor of today’s domestic chicken. Bred at research stations across the South, nearly 10,000 of the birds were released in the 1960s. They failed to thrive, and the program introducing an alien species was quietly cancelled. The few remaining penned jungle fowl were slated for slaughter in 1969… >>Access complete article<<
 
Source and Photo: November 23rd, 2012
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