Tag Archives: FAPESP

Universities in São Paulo create a joint doctorate in bioenergy

7By Frances Jones
Agência FAPESP – The three leading São Paulo State universities are currently jointly preparing a landmark doctoral program in bioenergy. “We are organizing an excellent program in bioenergy, in which students will have the opportunity to study different aspects of the sector with top specialists and to connect with major research centers in the field worldwide,” explained Professor Carlos Alberto Labate from Universidade de São Paulo (USP), who is the general coordinator of the Integrated Doctoral Program in Bioenergy. The classes should begin in early March 2014.
 
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Blocking insect digestion to control pests

foto_dentro16873_1By Fábio Reynol
Agência FAPESP – A number of diseases that affect humans, such as dengue fever, Chagas disease and leishmaniasis, and diseases that affect pests that destroy crops, such as cotton, sugarcane and banana, share something in common: they are all caused by insects.

An extensive study carried out at the Universidade de São Paulo Chemistry Institute (IQ/USP) used a unique approach to gain knowledge about different insects, namely, investigating their intestinal function. The study opened up new pathways for innovative pest control methods.

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BIOTA Coordinator elected to panel of international specialists

biotaBy Karina Toledo

Agência FAPESP – Professor Carlos Joly of the Universidade Estadual de Campinas Biology Institute (IB/Unicamp) and coordinator of the BIOTA-FAPESP program was elected on January 23 to be one of five representatives from Latin America and the Caribbean at the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). 

Created in April of 2012 after nearly 10years of international negotiations, the IPBES will systematize the scientific knowledge accumulated on biodiversity for the purpose of granting subsidies and making scientific decisions internationally—a similar role to that held by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) over the last 20 years.  

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Irrigation management

IrrigacaoFAPESP – The School of Engineering (FE) of Paulista State University (Unesp) at the Ilha Solteira campus has released a software program for the management of water used in irrigated agriculture. The program is the result of the project Modeling of Water Productivity in Hydrographic Basins with Changes in Land Use, financed by FAPESP and by Facepe (the State of Pernambuco Research Foundation). According to Fernando Tangerino Hernandez, the coordinator of the project, the system is applicable to all crops. The development of the software program took 10 months and its chief benefits are estimating evapo-transpiration quickly. This is the loss of soil water through evaporation and the loss of plant water through transpiration. Hernandez stated that the tool was developed with ease of use in mind. “A tutorial shows how to input the data from a spreadsheet; if there’s a variable missing, internal routines estimate it,” he said to Agência FAPESP.

Source and Photo: FAPESP, January 2012
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Map of vulnerability to climate change in Brazil

MapaFAPESP – Almost the entire Northeast region, the Northwest of Minas Gerais and the metropolitan areas of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Brasília and Manaus are highly susceptible to the effects of the climate change that may occur by the end of this century. Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina states, most of the Amazon Region and the Midwest show a lower risk of being significantly affected by possible climate change in the coming decades. These findings are from a study by the Earth System Science Center at the National Institute of Spatial Research (CCST-INPE) and São Paulo State University (UNESP) at Rio Claro. These were the conclusions reached by the researchers who created a mixed index to measure the socio-climatic vulnerability of a region (SCVI), i.e. the likelihood of environmental changes affecting an area and its ability to adapt to the new circumstances (Climatic Change, May 3).

Source and Photo: FAPESP, June 2012
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Thomas Lovejoy, Carlos Joly and the Brazilian Society for the Progress of Science win the 2012 Muriqui Prize

Agência FAPESP – North American environmentalist Thomas Lovejoy, researcher Carlos Joly and the Brazilian Society for the Progress of Science (SBPC) are the winners of the 2012 Muriqui Prize.

The award ceremony was held on June 16 at the Rio de Janeiro State Government Pavilion in the Athletes’ Park during the seminar “Biosphere Reserves and RIO+20”.

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