Tag Archives: Ethanol

Brazilian Research on Bioenergy

Mini 020FAPESP – Brazil is outstanding as the world’s most intensive user of bioethanol as an alternative to gasoline for powering transport. Total bioethanol production for 2012/13 is projected at 23.9 billion liters in 437 plants, 168 of which are dedicated exclusively to ethanol. In 2012/13 around 51 per cent of the 602 million tons of sugarcane will be used for ethanol and 49 per cent for sugar production. The total sugarcane planted area in Brazil is around 8 million hectares (ha). This accounts for only around 2-3 per cent of total area devoted to agriculture.

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Brazil world leader in sugarcane and ethanol knowledge and technology

 
Mini 018FAPESP – Brazil is the largest producer of ethanol from sugarcane in the world and occupies the leadership in technology for its production. The advances in technology have meant that its productivity is outstanding and the costs of production much lower than those of its international competitors. This leadership is due to the long work of many years undertaken by researchers in institutions of higher education and research and in private enterprises, which has resulted in a valuable baggage of knowledge and technology on sugarcane and its derivatives and on the process of ethanol manufacture.
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Marine fertilizer

logoBy Yuri Vasconcellos
FAPESP – The solution for Brazil increasing its sugar and ethanol production by up to 50%, without needing to plant one more additional square meter of sugar cane may lie at the bottom of the sea. The amount that the country is likely to produce this year is 37 million tons of sugar and 23.6 billion liters of ethanol. Studies carried out by the Federal University of Lavras (Ufla), in Minas Gerais State, in partnership with TWB Mineração, whose headquarters are in Guarujá, on the coast of São Paulo, have revealed that the use of biofertilizer made from calcareous marine algae, called bioclastic granulate, is capable of generating a significant gain in productivity in sugar plantations because it raises the plant’s sugar concentration, or sucrose.

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Source and Photo: FAPESP, July 2012
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Are US, Brazil Ethanol Industries Ready to Dance?

aBy Daniel Coelho Barbosa
Ethanol Producer Magazine – For many years, the U.S. ethanol industry saw Brazil primarily as a competitor. In 2012, as ethanol trade barriers disappeared and weather forced market adjustments in both countries, corporations are noticing that together, the U.S. and Brazil can reach better results faster.
I would like to pose a question for the U.S. biofuels industry, especially those with a penchant for ethanol-based chemicals with higher added value: Have you ever dared to think your business could improve if Brazil were on your agenda?

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Source and Photo: Ethanol Producer Magazine, January 16th, 2013
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The rise of ethanol

By Fabricio Marques
 FAPESP – In 2011, researchers from the University of São Paulo (USP) and the State University of Campinas (Unicamp) unveiled some 10.8 gigapairs of sugar cane DNA bases, 33 times more than was produced in the two years of the Cane Genome Project, which ended in 2001 and which mapped out the genes expressed from the plant. The result is part of two thematic projects coordinated by molecular biologist, Glaucia Souza, and geneticist, Marie-Anne Van Sluys, professors from USP, who are looking to map sugar cane genes… >>Read More<<

Source and Photo: FAPESP, January 2012
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Ethanol Production Using Corn, Switchgrass and Wood; Biodiesel Production Using Soybean

David Pimentel and Tad Patzek

SpringerLink – In this analysis, the most recent scientific data for corn, switchgrass, and wood, for fermentation/distillation were used. All current fossil energy inputs used in corn production and for the fermentation/distillation were included to determine the entire energy cost of ethanol production. Additional costs to consumers include federal and state subsidies, plus costs associated with environmental pollution and/or degradation that occur during the entire production process. In addition, an investigation was made concerning the conversion of soybeans into biodiesel fuel.

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Scientists uncover an interaction between sugarcane, an insect and a fungus

By Fábio de Castro

Agência FAPESP – A study conducted by Brazilian researchers shows that infestation by the sugarcane borer (Diatraea saccharalis), a caterpillar that is the main sugarcane pest, activates a gene that encodes a protein with a strong antifungal property. The study, the results of which were published in Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, is part of a FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program (BIOEN) research project on the interactions between plants, microorganisms and insects.The study involved scientists from the Universidade de São Paulo (USP) Luiz de Queiroz School of Agriculture (ESALQ), the USP School of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Ribeirão Preto, the Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar) and the National Bioethanol Science and Technology Lab in Campinas (SP)….. >>Read the Complete Article<<

Source and Photo: FAPESP, June 6th, 2012
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