Tag Archives: Brazilian Agriculture

Climate changes will reduce the growing areas in Brazil

ag11By Noêmia Lopes
Agência FAPESP –  The increases in temperatures and changes in the rainfall regime due to global warming that are forecast for several regions of Brazil could significantly impact agriculture in the country. Crops such as beans, soy, wheat, and maize will be particularly affected, according to studies by the Brazil Global Climate Change Research Network (Rede Clima).
By cross-referencing the models of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Brazilian regional models, researchers at Rede Clima analyzed the expected impact of climate change on national crop-growing areas.
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General information – Brazilian Agriculture, Bioenergy and Labex Korea activities

brazil-water-007By Gilberto Silber Schmidt
Labex Korea prepared this page to disclose to their readers information of the Labex Korea activities, as well as technological advances of the Brazilian Agriculture and bioenergy production. The information takes the form of articles, documents and presentations (PDF) which can be accessed freely.
Click here to access the complete list of documents published since Labex Korea’s opening.
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Policy, Technology, and Efficiency of Brazilian Agriculture

By Nicholas Rada and Constanza Valdes
The Brazilian agricultural sector has been transformed from a traditional system of production with low use of modern technologies to a world agricultural leader. That transformation occurred as the country moved away from import-substitution policies—which nurtured domestic industrial development at the expense of agriculture—toward market-oriented policy reforms. These reforms included openness to foreign trade and foreign investment and the use of new technologies, which led to a new growth pattern. To evaluate that transformation, the authors use agricultural censuses spanning 1985-2006 to characterize Brazilian total factor productivity growth, decomposing that growth into technical and efficiency changes. This report presents the findings of a study that focuses on the effect of Brazil’s science and technology investments and other public policies on farm production. The findings indicate that agricultural research benefits have been most rapidly adopted by the most efficient farms, widening the productivity gap between these farms and average farms. That gap, however, has been narrowed through other public policies, such as rural credit and infrastructure investments, that favor average producers.

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Source: USDA, Economic Research Report No. (ERR-137) 43 pp, July 2012.
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Labex Korea Colletion

By Gilberto Silber Schmidt
Labex Korea – The new format of Labex Korea Collection provide our readers more facilities to identify and read the titles of interest without having to go through the entire page. The PDF document includes the TOP10′s for each month. This version includes the articles published in January, February, March and April. Enjoy

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Soybean’ tastier reaches the market

By Camila Pitombeira
Epamig – Developed through the Program for Genetic Improvement of Soybean by the Food Research Company of Minas Gerais (Epamig), in partnership with Embrapa and the Triangle Foundation, the soybean cultivar BRSMG 800A is especially geared for human consumption, with milder flavor, seed of larger size and higher protein content. This cultivar is similar to “carioquinha” beans in appearance and way of preparation. This variety of Soybeans also presents resistance to bacterial pustule, stain-eye-frog and stem canker, besides having an average productivity of 3 ton/ha.
The variety BRSMG 800A is a medium maturity cultivar in Minas Gerais (maturity group 8.0), growth is determined, lodging resistance, colored purple flower, gray pubescence, seed coat and hilum pale brown, with an average height of plants of 72cm, the flowering ranging from 58 to 62 days and the cycle of 120-140 days. It has long juvenile period, resistance to dehiscence of pods, seeds coarse, with an average weight of 100 seeds around 18.8 g. The oil content is around 20.10%, protein 38.25% and 13.34 mg/100g of iron, explain Ana Cristina Juhasz, Epamig’s researcher.
According to the researcher, the variety was developed to meet the Brazilian population which has restriction of the exotic flavor of common’ soybean and that have not in the habit of consuming soy in the form of grains. This can be cooked with beans or alone. When cooked in isolation, the grains remain whole. Can be sautéed, used in salad dressings and also be prepared as “tropeiro”. It is a beautiful and healthy dish.
In relation to cultural practices, there is no difference compared to other commercial cultivars. However, planting should follow some recommendations based on the characteristics of the region where it will be grown.

Source and Photo: Dia de Campo, March 2nd, 2012
Click here  to read the complete article in Portuguese version
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Record Brazilian Agricultural Production Spurs Further Export Gains

Brazilian crop and livestock production continues to expand, building on rapid gains over the past few decades. Crop production is shifting to new regions of the country while pasture conversion holds potential in more developed areas of the Center-West. Brazilian exports are also surging with meat and soybeans leading the way, providing more competition for U.S. products. … >>Read More<<
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