BBC – To the eye, there was nothing remarkable about the aging Falcon 20 jet as it took off from Ottawa International airport in Canada at the end of October in 2012. But the twin-engined, 10-seater plane was in the process of making aviation history.
After a short flight that saw it climb to 30,000 ft (9,000m) over the capital city, the plane touched back down at the airport to secure its world first.
Posted in Bioenergy, Biofuel, Environment, Global Warming, Renewable Energy
Tagged Aircraft, biofuel Energy Renewable, engineering, Science&Environment, sustainable, Technology, transportation
Embrapa Agroenergy – Dendê has been considered as a promising raw material for biodiesel production for its high oil productivity and, the fact that has a well established productive system. However, some characteristics of the “palm oil” still require the addition of other oils and fats on the processing procedures to obtain biofuel.
According Dra Itânia Soares, researcher from Embrapa Agroenergy, the acidity, the main inconvenience of the palm oil, fluctuate depending of several factors, being around 5%, while of the soy oil is around 0.5%. The use of oleaginous acids raw materials in the biodiesel production entails to add further steps to the process, which increases the production costs. Using only acid oil, it is common to do primarily the esterification of free fatty acids and then the transesterelization
Embrapa Agroenergy has been testing differents ways to reduce these steps, optimizing the production process and reducing the production cost of fuel. These researches will have increasing from 2013, when the Center and a network of partners begins executing the research project called “Dendepalm” – Strategies genomic and adding value to the supply chain of palm oil – with funding from the “Financier of Studies and Projects” – FINEP.
The challenge extends beyond the biodiesel production, since the final product must attend the quality parameters which is established by the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuel (ANP). The purification of Biodiesel directly impacts on the quality parameters of the fuel, for example, the water content, in the laboratory level, task that requires attention, ressallta Dra Dra. Itânia.
It is necessary to be attentive to the impact that the addition of biodiesel from palm on petroleum diesel may cause in the final results of the physicochemical analyzes. That is why, one Center’s objective is also study the methods of controlling product quality. “We are working to optimize the biodiesel production process in a 5 liter reactor to develop a methodology for analyzing, in partnership with ANP,” she adds.
Source: Biocombustível, Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento, January 11st 2013
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By Karina Toledo
Agência FAPESP – A new statistical analysis method and accompanying software developed at the Universidade de São Paulo (USP) are expected to facilitate studies on the sugarcane genome, paving the way for research that will improve the plant’s genetics. The results of the study were published in PLoS One.
Source and Photo: Agência FAPESP, March 28th, 2012
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Posted in About Brazil, Agroenergy, Bioenergy, Biofuel, Brazilian Agriculture, Emerging Themes and Issues, Environment, Global Warming, Inspiring Cooperation, Renewable Energy, S&T and General News, Scientific Advances
Tagged Agroenergy, biofuel Energy Renewable, Sugar cane