By Vania de Souza Andrade
Biomassa & Bioenergia – The Rio +20 emphasized subject that has been much discussed recently by governments. With the inclusion on the agenda of the meeting the topic of renewable energy, the world is forced to discuss viable alternatives and implement effectively in practice initiatives to encourage the use of clean energy sources. The most recent example that has news was the Japan, which has approved a plan to encourage the production of clean energy investment that should result in at least $ 9.6 billion in new facilities with generating capacity of 3.2 gigawatts. Such policy incentives for the production of energy Renewable worldwide have been object of study by KPMG, which raised and compared information subsidies by 15 countries, such as feed-in tariff (mechanism of stimulating the production of renewable energy), renewable portfolios, capital allowances and discounts, investments and tax credits, tax cuts, taxes or VAT on the sale of energy, certified tradable renewable energy (RE), among others. The survey showed that at least 83 countries have some type of policy to promote renewable power generation in search resource efficient, low carbon footprint and ways of energy supply sufficient to ensure sustainable growth of economies worldwide. With the new regulations designed to reduce global carbon emissions and achieve energy security, many governments give support the generation of renewable basis with a wide variety of incentives, be they fiscal or related to existing sources of funding. It certainly aims to attract new local and foreign investment to the sector, which has been increasingly valued. Brazil appears in the study due to having adopted three of the 10 items surveyed: capital allowance and grant discounts, public investments, loans and financing and public procurement. Though the research pointing out that the country has three promotion policies, Brazil is a nation that has one of the cleanest energy matrixes in the world, while China and the United States are major investors in renewable policy, but continues to generate some of their energy from burning coal, a resource that is highly polluting. worth noting that Brazil, besides having an energy matrix based heavily on hydroelectric generation, adopts various programs fuel use renewables, which have been developed and intensified over the last three years. recall that, based on this information, you need to assess the situation in each country and consider its applicability effective. Despite this optimistic scenario of Brazil, the country can not waste that has the potential to generate clean energy, mainly in the North and Northeast, and thus achieve the goals set for reducing, by 2030, the energy that comes from polluting sources. To It is therefore essential to increase the participation of these cleaner options for our energy, taking advantage of the strong growth potential of our energy model. Certainly Brazil is moving toward the increased use of renewables and an economy with less carbon because it already has an energy matrix considered clean (with 45.3% of the production from renewable resources such as water, biomass and ethanol, in addition to wind and solar energy, before the global average of 13% and only 6% in developed countries). Hydroelectric power plants are responsible for producing more than 75% of the electricity generated here. In the area of biomass, ethanol production from cane sugar has the potential to grow in the coming years and there is scope for increased use of biogas, besides the increase that has occurred in the generation of wind energy. estimates contained in the Plan Ten Year, the share of hydropower in the Brazilian energy matrix tends to fall from 76% to 67%, while generation from alternative sources (wind, thermal, bioenergy and small hydro – power plants) should double, from 8% to 16%, by 2020. ‘s interesting to note, too, that Brazil was recently included as the fifth country that has developed in a sustainable manner between 1990 and 2008, according to the Inclusive Wealth Index (IRI), launched by the UN Rio +20 , ahead of nations like the U.S., for example. Adopting energy strategies that have the benefit of the use and appreciation of renewable energy sources is unquestionable, considering, including their participation increasingly relevant within the global energy matrix and that has gained ground in Brazil. But the challenges are many and must be addressed now, in the face of growing demand, the high price of renewable energy, taxes and the search for lower fares. This combined with the high investments required for the level of development that the country wants to achieve and the great sporting events of 2014 and 2016. Only then can obtain positive results that ensure sustainability and balance the relationship between life and the environment in the medium and long term.
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