Daily Archives: March 18, 2013

Where agriculture and Climate Change Meet

cigiarThe CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security’s (CCAFS) “Big Facts” site represents the latest and most authoritative research on topics at the intersection of climate change, agriculture and food security. Explore and share the data and graphics on topics ranging from undernourishment and population to fisheries and forestry. Find out why it’s impossible to address climate issues without including agriculture—and vice versa.

Source and Photo: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security’s (CCAFS)
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Groundnut improvement: use of genetic and genomic tools

Frontiers – Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), a self-pollinated legume is an important crop cultivated in 24 million ha world over for extraction of edible oil and food uses. The kernels are rich in oil (48–50%) and protein (25–28%), and are source of several vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, biologically active polyphenols, flavonoids, and isoflavones. Improved varieties of groundnut with high yield potential were developed and released for cultivation world over. The improved varieties belong to different maturity durations and possess resistance to diseases, tolerance to drought, enhanced oil content, and improved quality traits for food uses. Conventional breeding procedures along with the tools for phenotyping were largely used in groundnut improvement programs. Continue reading

Brazilian soybean biodiesel emits 70% less greenhouse gases than fossil diesel

BiodieslBiomassa & Bioenergia – The Brazilian biodiesel produced from soybeans reduces emissions by 70%, at least compared to fossil diesel, when consumed within the country. If delivered for consumption in Europe, emits between 65% and 68% less greenhouse gases (GHG).
The conclusion of a new study commissioned by the Brazilian Association of Vegetable Oil Industries (Abiove), in partnership with the Association of Corn and Soybean Producers of Mato Grosso (APROSOJA / MT) and Brazilian Biodiesel Union and biokerosene (UBRABIO ). The survey was conducted by Delta CO2, a company incubated by EsalqTec, the College of Agriculture Luiz de Queiroz (Esalq / USP).
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