Challenges and Various Developmental Strategies in the Korean Urban/Peri-Urban Agriculture

By Woong Kwon

During the second half of the 20th century, Korea has made significant developments in the area of Urban/Peri-urban Agriculture (UPA) using available resources in various socio-economic environments, and consequently in converting traditional development strategies into new approaches to address emerging challenges in UPA, specifically in terms of agricultural economics, environmental concerns, and rural development. This paper describes the historical development and current situation of UPA in Korea, as well as recent challenges and various strategies being adopted in the country. It focuses on some critical factors influencing Korea’s UPA, such as the rising farmland price, declining price competitiveness, and the waning farmers’ interest in agricultural production. In the course of overcoming these challenges, new strategies and approaches in the promotion and development of UPA are also discussed. Lastly, this paper looks into successful cases related to the development of UPA in Korea, which are initiated by agricultural cooperatives and implemented in collaboration with member-farmers, municipal and central government, and civilian affirmation movements.

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