EMBRAPA is investing in research to produce biofuels such as second generation ethanol, biodiesel, biogas and other products agroenergetic from microorganisms. Units throughout the country are participating in the initiative. “Within the projects of Embrapa Agroenergy, we have sought to harness the ability of microorganisms’ wild, genetically modified organisms and products generated by it, such as enzymes, for use on different fronts,” said Deputy Head of Research and Development of Embrapa Agroenergy Brasilia, Guy de Capdeville.
Researchers are studying ways to reach biofuels from micro-organisms. The Embrapa Agri Food, located in Rio, will use ethically improved microorganisms’ strains to produce enzymes. Furthemore, it will also test the efficiency for the production of second generation ethanol.
Already Embrapa Environment, in Jaguariúna, São Paulo, has a germplasm bank of microorganisms isolated from various biomes and is selecting bacteria and fungi capable of degrading cellulose. Embrapa Grape and Wine, in Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul, is seeking yeasts for fermentation of pentoses and hexoses (sugars with five or six carbon atoms, respectively) in order to produce ethanol.
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