Amazon in Spotlight

By Gilberto Silber Schmidt

The International weekly journal of science Nature  has published in January 19th, 2012 an article about Amazon studies. The feature article “The Amazon basin in transition,” describes the results of the studies over 20 years in the larger-scale Biosphere Experiment in Amazon, coordinated by The National Institute of Amazon Research (IMPA).
The LBA was initiated 20 years ago with the goal of understanding the biogeochemical processes of the forest and increasing knowledge about the relationships between soil use and the Amazonian climate. The project has generated more than 2,000 publications and some 300 theses, according Paulo Artaxo, member of Applied Physics Department at the Institute of Physics at the São Paulo University (USP), and member of the coordination for “The FAPESP Research Program on Global Climate Change.
The editorial Break down boundaries in climate research states that “Tropical forests are big players in the global balance of climate and carbon, and the Amazon is the biggest of the lot. Almost 20 years ago, I was part of a group of scientists that hatched an ambitious plan to study the Amazon rainforest in a totally new way, to improve our understanding of the forest and its role in the global climate system. We wanted to build a scientific base from which to learn how the region could be developed sustainably”.
Other articles previously published by Nature magazine for Amazon were: Defend the Amazon (December 21st, 2011) and Brazilian bill weakens Amazon protection (December 7th, 2011), Brazil: Amazon deforestation declines to record low l (December 6th, 2011), Fighting for the forest: The roadless warrior (November, 30th, 2011), A struggle for power (November 9th, 2011) and Brazil revisits forest code (August 17th, 2011).

Source and Picture: Nature
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