Daily Archives: February 2, 2012

Nature: Special Supplement about biofuels

By Gilberto Silber Schmidt

Labex Korea – Nature (International Weekly Journal of Science) published a special supplement edition (vol.47, no. 7352) on biofuel.  The publication was sponsored by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), BP, Ceres Inc, São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) and the U.S. Department of Energy’s BioEnergy Science Center.

“Biofuels have big boots to fill. After more than 150 years, we have become dependent on petroleum and its products. First generation biofuels are showing us both the potential and the pitfalls of this sustainable technology – second and subsequent generations could help us realize a fossil-fuel-free future”.

The supplement is a collection of publications and reports, involving themes related to the perspectives of biofuel production, including: Biofuels  (Michelle Grayson), Introduction: Next-Generation (Peter Fairly), Agriculture: Beyond food versus fuel (Peter Fairley and Duncan Graham-Rowe), Fuel options: The ideal biofuel (Neil Savage), Lignocellulose: A chewy problem (Katharine Sanderson), Algae: The scum solution (Neil Savage), Perspective: Don’t foul the water  (Jeremy Martin), Local benefits: The seeds of an economy  (Natasha Gilbert), Perspective: A new hope for Africa  (Lee R. Lynd and Jeremy Woods), Policy: Fuelling politics (Martin Robbins), Perspective: Lessons from Brazil (Marcia Moraes), Direct impacts on local climate of sugar-cane expansion in Brazil (Scott R. Loarie, David B. Lobell, Gregory P. Asner, Qiaozhen Mu and Christopher B. Field), Microbial production of fatty-acid-derived fuels and chemicals from plant biomass  (Eric J. Steen, Yisheng Kang, Gregory Bokinsky, Zhihao Hu, Andreas Schirmer, et al.) and  Engineering for biofuels: exploiting innate microbial capacity or importing biosynthetic potential? (Hal Alper and Gregory Stephanopoulos).

Source: Nature
Click on the titles to access them
Click here to read the complete supplement version
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New method quickly detects toxins produced by bacteria in water

By Elton Alisson

Agência FAPESP – Certain species of bacteria that occur in aquatic environments are photosynthetic. Because they contain chlorophyll and other pigments, these are frequently confused with microalgae.

Source: FAPESP, January 18th, 2012

Click here to read the complete version of this article at the FAPESP Agency

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