The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), through the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA), carries out periodic assessments and produces reports describing the current status of conservation and use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA) throughout the world. These Reports provide a comprehensive overview on the status and trends of conservation and use of plant genetic resources, with objective information and analyses on priorities, gaps and needs at the national, regional and global levels.
Two Reports for plant genetic resources, titled “The State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture” (SoW) have been produced so far.
The First Report was published in 1998. It assessed the state of plant genetic diversity and capacities at the local and global levels for in situ and ex situ management, conservation and utilization of plant genetic resources. To read or download the First Report (SoW-1), click here.
A draft version of the Second Report has been endorsed at the Twelfth Session of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (Rome, 18-23 October 2009). It is based on 106 country reports, regional synthesis, thematic studies and published literature. It describes the most significant changes that have taken place since preparation and publication of the First Report, in 1998 and describes major continuing gaps and needs. You can read or download the draft of the Second Report (SoW-2) here.
Brazil contributed to the preparation of the Second Report, presenting a comprehensive study on the State of Brazil’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, a document that reviewed the country’s progress since preparation of the first country report, in 1996. It provides an updated summary of the main activities carried out by different Brazilian institutions to enrich the country´s genetic variability, as well as to ensure conservation, evaluation, characterization and documentation of plant genetic resources.
The Brazilian report is the result of efforts of several Embrapa research units, state-level research institutes, Universities and representatives of the Ministries of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply (MAPA), Environment (MMA) and Foreign Affairs (MRE), with the support of FAO, Rome.
You can read or download the Brazilian report here.