Embrapa Labex KoreaThis is the weblog of Labex Korea, an international cooperation program of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Organization, Embrapa. More here.
Partner OrganizationLabex Korea is hosted by the Rural Development Administration.
- Blocking insect digestion to control pests wp.me/pD58e-1FV 8 months ago
- Fairtrade Foundation report damns treatment of smallholder farmers wp.me/pD58e-1Ga 8 months ago
- Transgenic eucalyptus yields 20% more than conventional wp.me/pD58e-1HK 8 months ago
- At least 70% of Earth’s species still unknown wp.me/pD58e-1I9 8 months ago
- Vitamin Enriched Cassava wp.me/pD58e-1Fm 8 months ago
- Do plants 'veto' bad genes? wp.me/pD58e-1FD 8 months ago
- Empowering smallholder farmers to create sustainable change - live discussion wp.me/pD58e-1Gj 8 months ago
- Brazilian soybean biodiesel emits 70% less greenhouse gases than fossil diesel wp.me/pD58e-1HC 8 months ago
- Microalgae oil can turn biofuel wp.me/pD58e-1Hz 9 months ago
- Simple Physics May Limit the Size of Leaves wp.me/pD58e-1Gy 9 months ago
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Tag Archives: Sustainability
Abstract - To confront energy shortage, global warming and climate changes, biofuels derived from biomass have received increasing attention from the industry, academia and governments. Of the potential sources of biofuels a most promising one is the simple photosynthetic microalgae, which can be grown in open ponds, photobioreactors and fermenters. The advantages to produce biofuels from microalgae include easy adaption to environmental conditions, high photosynthesis efficiency, high lipid content and noncompetition for farmlands. Nonetheless, the real hallmark of microalgae is the fact that these microscopic organisms can provide the biomass feedstock for the flexible production of several different types of renewable and sustainable biofuels such as biodiesel, bioethanol, biogas, biohydrogen among others via thermochemical and biochemical conversion processes. Amazingly, from a sustainability perspective the integrated algal biofuels production, where biodiesel, bioethanol and biogas are continuously produced from one biomass source, can evidently lead to an increase in the energetic productivity of the microalgal biomass, thus improving the economics of this algal biorefinery approach. Developments in several areas, such as genetic and metabolic engineering, are expected to further improve the costeffectiveness of the biofuels from microalgae in an environmentally sustainable manner. Source: ScienceDirect, December 2, 2013 Labex Korea on Twitter and Facebook
Agência FAPESP – Brazil is recognized as the country with the world’s most efficient biofuel production, which is principally based on sugarcane. The success that the country has enjoyed in transforming this plant into a bioenergy source, however, is due more to a pioneering initiative to create an industrial system for ethanol production than the plant itself.
The system began to be developed in the 1930s when an agronomic development program that made the plant highly efficient was established. Despite these efforts, the agronomic performance of sugarcane is still below that of the other raw materials tested for this purpose over the last few years in different parts of world.
Avicultura Industrial – A group of 25 scientists of the world will have two years to do research and report a concrete experiences to balance the sustainable agricultural production to ensure worldwide food security. The initiative, launched in Rio, aims to unite researchers, governments and companies around the common goals. According Emile Frison, General Director of the Bioversity International, a nonprofit research organization headquartered in Rome, who leads the project, the novelty of Agriculture and Conservation Initiative is the union between researchers of the sustainability and of the productive sectors to fetch integrated solutions.
The Guardian - In November 2012, the “big four” professional services firm PricewaterhouseCoopers released a report that concluded it was too late to hold the future increase in global average temperatures to just two degrees Celsius. “It’s time,” the report announced, “to prepare for a warmer world”.
The same month, the World Bank released Turn Down the Heat, which soberly set forth why a four-degree warmer world must be avoided. Meanwhile, accounts of myriad emerging calamities were easy to find in the press: the failure of the Rio+20 talks to result in positive action, “zombie” coral reefs, calls for higher birth rates, declining Arctic sea ice, an approaching “state shift” in the earth’s biosphere, and other evidence of strain in natural systems and of human blindness, ignorance or denial ……..>> Access the complete article<<
By Bharrat Jagdeo
The Guardian - While forests once provided subsistence for local people, for generations clearing forested land has also been good for global business, providing immediate food security for the world. Put simply, forests have been worth more dead than alive.
As populations grow, emerging and industrialised countries are looking to the three great world forest regions – the Three Basins of the Congo, the Amazon and south-east Asia – for their growing resource needs. The economic imperative to acquire and clear more land increases daily as demand for food and commodities grows. More than half of the global forest loss has occurred in the Three Basins. But world food production needs standing forests not felled trees.
Labex Korea - Aligning agribusiness and development means taking a holistic approach – The Guardian panel suggest 14 crucial factors to making it work. The mainly factors presented by 7 professionals are: Engage smallholders fairly, Regulations aren’t always as effective as voluntary adherence, Bring agriculture into the media, Embed sustainable management systems, We need a holistic approach to value chain development, Monitoring is key, Mainstream conservatism, Certification schemes, Can entrench inequality, Model farms can help encourage chemical compliance, Value chains work best within well-functioning systems, Release Africa’s farmlands from cash crops, Adopt a gendered approach, Governments have a crucial role to play, You can’t ‘scale up’ unsustainable programmes.
Click here to access the complete article at The Guardian with the comments for each theme described above.
By Caspar van Vark
The Guardian - Agroforesty - the integration of trees and shrubs with crops and livestock systems – has strong potential in addressing problems of food insecurity in developing countries. Done well, it allows producers to make the best use of their land, can boost field crop yields, diversify income, and increase resilience to climate change.
To date, the uptake of agroforestry has been constrained partly because it has lacked a natural ‘home’ in policy space, but that may be changing thanks to a growing body of evidence of what it can achieve, and how to make it work. The FAO last month published a guide to advancing agroforestry on the policy agenda with case studies of best practice, and is due to hold a conference on forests and food security and nutrition in May.
Agência FAPESP – To make global development possible, science and scientists must achieve a higher level of influence worldwide. Michael Clegg, president of the Inter-American Network of Academies of Science (IANAS), stated this opinion during the opening ceremony of the First Planning Meeting for the 2013 World Science Forum held at FAPESP headquarters between August 29 and 31.
Clegg affirmed that humanity will encounter many substantial challenges during the 21st century, including climate change, emerging infectious diseases, population growth and difficulties associated with meeting food, water and energy demands.
Photo ans Source: FAPESP, September 19th, 2012 You also follow Labex Korea by Twitter
Leading Agriculture Experts Contribute to new Report Food and Agriculture: The Future of Sustainability
In a new report by the UN Division for Sustainable Development, Food and Agriculture: The Future of Sustainability, authors solicited a group of experts from all dimensions of agriculture for their twenty-year vision of the future of food and agriculture.
The aim of the report is to add strategic input to a new report, “Sustainable Development in the 21st Century” that will be launched by the Division for Sustainable Development (UNDESA) at a side event during the Rio+20 Summit.
Food and Agriculture : The Future of Sustainability intends to cut across worldviews and foster meaningful discussions on the trends and challenges in agriculture. It outlines nine key paths of action for agriculture, with contributions from over seventy global agriculture food leaders from four areas: Policy and Trade; Business Specialists; Rural Livelihoods and Poverty; and Environmental Sustainability. The report also highlights “high impact” areas where smart actions will be proportionally more effective, and argues that “better” production rather than “more” production will be key to a more sustainable future for agriculture.Download the full report Agriculture_and_food_the_future_of_sustainability_web
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Agência FAPESP – A global research platform in sustainability was launched during the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (RIO+20) by an alliance made up of the leading international science institutions, research foundations and organizations linked to the United Nations.